Fool Me Twice, Shame on Me || Morphy vs Löwenthal (1858)

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This is the story of the birth of modern chess - when the possibilities of chess as an art, a science and a sport all converged.
The point of convergence was a young boy from Louisiana named Paul Morphy. At a time when America was seen as a backwoods nation with little cultural history and even less intellectual impetus, at a time when chess was considered the exclusive property of a few European countries, at a time when the game was played successfully by a handful of men wizened by years, Paul Morphy, in the brief span of 19 months and with seemingly little effort, defeated conclusively every player he met.
While today few non chess players even know his name, he was one of the most famous celebrities of his time and within the hallowed halls of the chess playing community he is considered by some as the greatest chess player of all time.
But this diminutive, unassuming boy rose to fame almost out of nowhere and once he secured his place in history, he retired back into that hazy unknown, shunning the public eye, never again to play serious chess. Not only was he one of great practitioners of the game, but also one of it's greatest enigmas. He's been given the sobriquet, The Pride and Sorrow of Chess.
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Paul Morphy vs Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Morphy - Loewenthal (1858), London ENG, rd 4, Jul-23
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation General (C30)
1. e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. c3 Bg4 5. Be2 Bf3 6. Bf3 Nc6 7. b4 Bb6 8. b5 Nce7 9. d4 ef4 10. Bf4 Ng6 11. Be3 Nf6 12. Nd2 O-O 13. O-O h6 14. a4 c6 15. Qe2 Re8 16. Qd3 d5 17. e5 Nd7 18. Bh5 Re6 19. a5 Bc7 20. Rf7 Kf7 21. Qf5 Ke7 22. Bg6 Qg8 23. Bf2 Ne5 24. de5 Rf8 25. Bc5 Kd8 26. Bf8 Re5 27. Qf2 Qe6 28. b6 ab6 29. ab6 Qg6 30. bc7 Kc7 31. Rb1
Materials used in research:
Paul Morphy: Pride and Sorrow of Chess by David Lawson
The Genius Of Paul Morphy by Chris Ward
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  1. Gm Pillo

    Gm PilloΠριν μήνα

    “Paul Morphy... expressed the conviction that he had played poorly, rashly; that none of his opponents should have done so well as they did against him.”

  2. Zechques

    ZechquesΠριν μήνα

    I'm finally caught up with the Morphy saga!

  3. Jesús González Llorente

    Jesús González LlorenteΠριν μήνα

    Bishop c5 nice move

  4. Jesús González Llorente

    Jesús González LlorenteΠριν μήνα

    I found the exchange, did not calculated it though Nxe5, Its a game of space, space advantage

  5. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  6. Qwerty BC

    Qwerty BCΠριν μήνα

    morphy going for the bongcloud before the bongcloud was cool

  7. András Bokor

    András BokorΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Do you consider covering Smother Nature? Pretty short game but I like the smothered mate at the end.

  8. blackmaxOaC

    blackmaxOaCΠριν μήνα

    morphy is still the best

  9. Noel Connors

    Noel ConnorsΠριν μήνα

    Does either knight xe5 move work?

  10. Noel Connors

    Noel ConnorsΠριν μήνα

    Nevermind I only watched the rest of the vid now

  11. Dr Mark Bussin

    Dr Mark BussinΠριν μήνα

    GRlifes chess you make asome videos

  12. David Anton Savage

    David Anton SavageΠριν μήνα

    Thanx for all you do. Can you do a video featuring Kotov for whom the Kotov Syndrome is named?

  13. Dr Muzaffar

    Dr MuzaffarΠριν μήνα

    I dislike your videos only after u say that annoying 'sorry about that'

  14. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  15. eric mol

    eric molΠριν μήνα

    Hey Morphy, Lucy from the Peanuts called. She wants her hair style back.

  16. Steve Nealey

    Steve NealeyΠριν μήνα

    Love your channel, thank you! Although feeling a little distracted by the smiley face....

  17. Paul Thomas

    Paul ThomasΠριν μήνα

    History of chess video.

  18. Dr. Funkenstein

    Dr. FunkensteinΠριν μήνα

    Me “Re6 looks pretty good Agadmator “Re6 actually loses on the spot” Me “crap”

  19. Pasha Pasovski

    Pasha PasovskiΠριν μήνα

    Morphy square!

  20. cutl00senc

    cutl00sencΠριν μήνα

    The history of chess....

  21. Charley Cotton

    Charley CottonΠριν μήνα

    Hey agad, quick question. I really like that you've added the "as of now, this position has never been reached again," but when you do that for completely new positions in modern chess, you throw in little tidbits like, "Svidler had this position in 2012 against Aronian and..." I would love to know about the reverse too. Like, "as late as 1957, X had this position against Y, but generally later players have played such and such improvement instead."

  22. James Ndubuisi

    James NdubuisiΠριν μήνα

    You need to award Morphy a Morphy head

  23. Per Lofgren

    Per LofgrenΠριν μήνα

    Loewnthatl has some flaw in his thinking: "I lost to this upstart when he was 12, now that he has eight more years of experience, I'm sure I can beat him soundly!"



    so he was founder of Lowenthal Sicilian

  25. Đào Phi Lạc

    Đào Phi LạcΠριν μήνα

    I don't get it. He lost against Morphy while Morphy was still 12 years old. Then how could he hope to revenge against 20 years old Morphy? Doesn't it already sound much more harder? I don't get it.

  26. Dlala Ahmed

    Dlala AhmedΠριν μήνα

    hey guys if you play chess on the phone tell which level are you ,? i just passed the candidate master and still feel like shit making stupid blunders gt any tips ,?

  27. Vivek Mohan

    Vivek MohanΠριν μήνα

    Thank you for the Saga

  28. Hossein Afshari

    Hossein AfshariΠριν μήνα

    plz show maghsoodloo vs anand ,s game in fide olypmiad 2020 online #suggestion

  29. Melchizedek Lumayno

    Melchizedek LumaynoΠριν μήνα

    I'm always wondering who would win if this 2 monster face each other at their very prime? Yes I'm talking about Morphy Vs Tal. Seems like im going to give my vote to Tal.

  30. Sebastian Rex

    Sebastian RexΠριν μήνα

    If don't win at 12 yoy ain't winnin now

  31. Adam Moloney

    Adam MoloneyΠριν μήνα

    mate, there are at least 3.2k people LOCKED IN to this absolutely epic chess saga: show all the games!

  32. Mckenzie Calhoun

    Mckenzie CalhounΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion the birsbane bombshell. Played between Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov. First relevant use of the Gary gambit. Crazy positional pasterpiece.

  33. parthan s

    parthan sΠριν μήνα

    For those who just want to enjoy the show... congratulations on finding the move...

  34. You

    YouΠριν μήνα

    No role modelz J cole anyone?

  35. ralf palmiste

    ralf palmisteΠριν μήνα

    That defensive idea, i found it in an instant and I just can't even that it was right

  36. Benjamin Atkinson

    Benjamin AtkinsonΠριν μήνα

    Hello everyone!

  37. Александр Кравченко

    Александр КравченкоΠριν μήνα

    3:02 Now preaparing a5 which is very nice threat as a bishop will be trapped. New rap-rhyme incoming.

  38. Alessandro Capurro Lladó

    Alessandro Capurro LladóΠριν μήνα

    i had found rook to e6 :(

  39. Christian Younadim

    Christian YounadimΠριν μήνα

    Wait, why did the quote above change?

  40. Kiran Kulkarni

    Kiran KulkarniΠριν μήνα

    Can anyone explain? Why white rook on B1 not captured by Black queen.? Instead of resigning.

  41. Md Manik Anik

    Md Manik AnikΠριν μήνα

    Alpha zero vs stokfish please

  42. Jacob Whitman

    Jacob WhitmanΠριν μήνα

    9:00 play bishop captures g5 and use the bishop to block check. I can't find a checkmate if black defends like this.

  43. View Film

    View FilmΠριν μήνα

    Morphy trounced his opponent!

  44. Ninja

    NinjaΠριν μήνα

    Why have I never seen you give Morphy a Morphy head

  45. aedificabantur

    aedificabanturΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion did you ever do this game? Geza Maroczy vs Savielly Tartakower "Geza Stripped" Teplitz-Schönau (1922)

  46. Maksims Ivanovs

    Maksims IvanovsΠριν μήνα

    7:50 why not simply capture with bishop the a5 pawn?

  47. Kerim Haurdic

    Kerim HaurdicΠριν μήνα

    What does he means wheb he says he was awarded barns head? I didnt really get that one...

  48. Lissy S George

    Lissy S GeorgeΠριν μήνα

    Agadmator is white in colour

  49. The Superjacob Show

    The Superjacob ShowΠριν μήνα

    I want to see the 90 move game!

  50. ALejandro S

    ALejandro SΠριν μήνα

    hahahaha "welcome back to the good stuff!" hahaha I love it!

  51. Harshraj Jadhav

    Harshraj JadhavΠριν μήνα

    Morphys kings gambit games look like today's queens gambit games. They were so scared to take morphys pawn

  52. B Cool

    B CoolΠριν μήνα

    Please more games of old. Not all the old players on record are famous but dig around agadmator you can find some very very brilliant tactics sifting though older games that begs the question just how strong were some of those players back then? Ofc Paul Morphy is an icon in chess tactics but keep looking at other players. You’ll be pleasantly surprised the educational values that can be gotten from many more old games

  53. Kohinoor Banerjee

    Kohinoor BanerjeeΠριν μήνα

    4:45 Agadmator does a nice name lift.

  54. Pranav sreenivas kulkarni

    Pranav sreenivas kulkarniΠριν μήνα

    Agadmators video titles are very very catchy and attractive

  55. Frank Gecko

    Frank GeckoΠριν μήνα

    Morphy with A5 Sorcery, Or the Morphy Sauce.

  56. Suho1004

    Suho1004Πριν μήνα

    "It's very thorough, very detailed... if you guys are into that." We're agadmator fans. Of course we're into very thorough and detailed!

  57. N20 Games

    N20 GamesΠριν μήνα

    Loewenthal's revenge isn't going so well.

  58. Checkmate Chess Channel

    Checkmate Chess ChannelΠριν μήνα

    Thanks Parkinson's guy, I love yo vids man! I just hate the shakes, hehehehe.

  59. Werner S

    Werner SΠριν μήνα

    Agadmator is Number 1 at what he does, charming, modest, informative, and concise.

  60. HKM

    HKMΠριν μήνα

    #quote "Chess grips its exponent, shackling the mind and brain" - Albert Einstein

  61. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  62. Anish Tripathy

    Anish TripathyΠριν μήνα

    Why haven't you done a Fischer saga yet?

  63. Greg Eiler

    Greg EilerΠριν μήνα

    Killing me with that suspense! Jeez, man. lol

  64. Dr Joyraj Ghosh

    Dr Joyraj GhoshΠριν μήνα

    We are missing TAL .

  65. Dr Joyraj Ghosh

    Dr Joyraj GhoshΠριν μήνα

    Please start some TAL game again !!

  66. NoNameNate

    NoNameNateΠριν μήνα

    Before I continue on with the video, I'd love to see Morphy grinding for the win. I learn some valuable endgame lessons from your videos, and I find the techniques old players like Morphy used to be particularly enlightening for me, being but a wee player in the 1500's.

  67. Wild Albanian

    Wild AlbanianΠριν μήνα

    is it just me or when he said "it never happened again" its not the right way to put it? Because how can he predict the future? I would suggest to- It never happened before. Correct me if I'm wrong? Thanks :)

  68. Yaakov S

    Yaakov SΠριν μήνα

    “For those of you who just want to enjoy the show, congratulations” finally!

  69. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  70. mohammad amin sarabi

    mohammad amin sarabiΠριν μήνα

    How morphy find these deep engine #goat

  71. Ron Berka

    Ron BerkaΠριν μήνα

    Morphy head - brilliant attack Barnes head - flailing attack Loewenthal head - persistence in the face of certain defeat.

  72. dada191

    dada191Πριν μήνα

    That game was amazing! I always feel like Morphy opponents just make a fatal mistake or two that he capitalizes on. But this was solid brilliance.

  73. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  74. diego gomes

    diego gomesΠριν μήνα

    ...please bring Barnes x Steinitz

  75. Grant Burnett

    Grant BurnettΠριν μήνα

    why wouldn't i want to watch a 90 move grind agad, please tell me why i wouldn't want da grind

  76. Kriipar BG

    Kriipar BGΠριν μήνα

    Morphy is best

  77. X Y Z

    X Y ZΠριν μήνα


  78. it was in this positionerino agadmatorino

    it was in this positionerino agadmatorinoΠριν μήνα

    0:00 Hello everyone 0:02 The Good Stuff 0:19 A bit of a snooze-fest 0:42 Barnes head 0:51 Very nice article 1:21 Let's get back to the match 1:44 King's Evans 2:34 Never happened again 2:55 Castles castles 3:12 Develops the queen, connects the rooks 3:48 10:17 Nice rook lift 3:59 6:17 Give you a couple of seconds 4:11 4:45 6:28 Enjoy the show 4:24 Sorry about that 4:31 _Sorry sorry_ about that 4:41 11:31 11:46 So yeah 6:06 Loses the game on the spot 6:56 Double attack 9:24 Completely winning 10:10 agadmator rap 11:10 It was in this position 11:15 Nothing more to be done 12:03 Morphy saga

  79. Mislav Ivkovic

    Mislav IvkovicΠριν μήνα

    You forget the mailman is in my house

  80. gustavo ottero gobetti

    gustavo ottero gobettiΠριν μήνα

    you should also include the timestamps of the "however" he constantly says.

  81. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  82. Mislav Ivkovic

    Mislav IvkovicΠριν μήνα

    Or is it????

  83. Shubham Lokhande

    Shubham LokhandeΠριν μήνα

    Where is captures captures. ?

  84. FtBlade Gamer

    FtBlade GamerΠριν μήνα

    For the first time I found the move and then for the second time I thought I found it until agadmator said but before that play a5.

  85. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out @madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  86. Declan Wright

    Declan WrightΠριν μήνα

    "Sorry about that" **fixes something under desk**

  87. The Algerian Tank

    The Algerian TankΠριν μήνα

    These games are very silly. How on earth they are supposed to improve one's level in chess?!

  88. tubinreo

    tubinreoΠριν μήνα

    I found the Rook captures, but not the preliminary move to force the Bishop back; and that one shows Morphy's genius!

  89. azazazazaz936

    azazazazaz936Πριν μήνα

    Seeing Morphy grind out in endgames is interesting

  90. Yusuf

    YusufΠριν μήνα

    Frankly, I think Morphy handicapped himself intentionally in the previous game by overextending in the center. Like you said, he showed no respect for Lowenthal

  91. fernando markovics

    fernando markovicsΠριν μήνα

    Show us the morphy's 90-move win with black please

  92. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out @madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  93. the me

    the meΠριν μήνα

    SHOW THE GRIND PLEASE I know people dislike grindy games but they are the best proove of human creativity

  94. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out @madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  95. Victor Styron

    Victor StyronΠριν μήνα

    I would very much like to see a 90 move game of Morphy's through your channel!!!!

  96. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  97. Flavian Kibunyi

    Flavian KibunyiΠριν μήνα

    He defeated himself 😂

  98. Cryptonite

    CryptoniteΠριν μήνα

    The game continued for quite awhile after rook to e7 "loses on the spot."

  99. MrEpicTruth

    MrEpicTruthΠριν μήνα

    Castles Castles sounds like a great name for a rap song

  100. Ismail Yasin

    Ismail YasinΠριν μήνα

    Why you always show a game that morphy win . Isn't there a game that morphy lose

  101. John Anderson

    John AndersonΠριν μήνα

    Spoliers! agadmator: ...its Rxf7... Me: Yes I got one! have to play a5 first... Me: shoot!

  102. Donkey Cong

    Donkey CongΠριν μήνα

    Lol, +1.

  103. HarbingerOfDuh

    HarbingerOfDuhΠριν μήνα


  104. God-like Humans

    God-like HumansΠριν μήνα

    I want the 90-moves snoozefest!!!

  105. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  106. Master Stacker

    Master StackerΠριν μήνα

    More good stuff.

  107. Josh Mays

    Josh MaysΠριν μήνα

    Particularly good video in my opinion man. I liked how you tried to build that suspense a little.

  108. Youssef Joe

    Youssef JoeΠριν μήνα

    Was queen h4 better than Re6?

  109. Kevin Hausch

    Kevin HauschΠριν μήνα

    Congratulations Paul, you're an excellent attacker of chess.

  110. j solis

    j solisΠριν μήνα

    You should check out @madquickchess streamer on twitch.

  111. falcon dew

    falcon dewΠριν μήνα

    #Quote: "I have come to the personal conclusion that while all artists are not chess players, all chess players are artists.” -Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968)

  112. Davide Tomasoni

    Davide TomasoniΠριν μήνα

    pretty sure I've already seen that quote in one of his videos, can't remember which one tho

  113. Nick Christie

    Nick ChristieΠριν μήνα

    You want Edits? Well, I don't. Sorry about that, but not really. #Legend

  114. ScotlandFury

    ScotlandFuryΠριν μήνα

    Sorry about that

  115. Aleksa Djurdjevic

    Aleksa DjurdjevicΠριν μήνα

    2:54 And in this position, not the standard 'captures captures' but a completely new move was played and that is 'castles castles'

  116. Aleksa Djurdjevic

    Aleksa DjurdjevicΠριν μήνα

    @Spliffie Bee Well maybe not a completely new move but a much less common variation

  117. Spliffie Bee

    Spliffie BeeΠριν μήνα

    You haven't been an excellent subscriber for long, don't you?

  118. Kaustubh Rayrikar

    Kaustubh RayrikarΠριν μήνα

    10:08 Rhymes is unavoidable.

  119. Justin Saleh

    Justin SalehΠριν μήνα

    I want a funny Mr. Barnes shirt

  120. Tanmay Bhatt

    Tanmay BhattΠριν μήνα

    Don't think the 'scandal' is the right word.! May be 'controversy'.!?