8 Years Waiting for Revenge || Morphy vs Löwenthal (1858)

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This is the story of the birth of modern chess - when the possibilities of chess as an art, a science and a sport all converged.
The point of convergence was a young boy from Louisiana named Paul Morphy. At a time when America was seen as a backwoods nation with little cultural history and even less intellectual impetus, at a time when chess was considered the exclusive property of a few European countries, at a time when the game was played successfully by a handful of men wizened by years, Paul Morphy, in the brief span of 19 months and with seemingly little effort, defeated conclusively every player he met.
While today few non chess players even know his name, he was one of the most famous celebrities of his time and within the hallowed halls of the chess playing community he is considered by some as the greatest chess player of all time.
But this diminutive, unassuming boy rose to fame almost out of nowhere and once he secured his place in history, he retired back into that hazy unknown, shunning the public eye, never again to play serious chess. Not only was he one of great practitioners of the game, but also one of it's greatest enigmas. He's been given the sobriquet, The Pride and Sorrow of Chess.
Source: www.edochess.ca/batgirl/index.html
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Paul Morphy vs Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Morphy - Loewenthal (1858), London ENG, rd 2, Jul-20
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation General (C30)
1. e4 e5 2. f4 Bc5 3. Nf3 d6 4. c3 Bg4 5. Bc4 Bf3 6. Qf3 Nf6 7. b4 Bb6 8. d3 Nbd7 9. f5 Qe7 10. g4 h6 11. Ke2 c6 12. g5 hg5 13. Bg5 d5 14. Bb3 Qd6 15. Nd2 a5 16. ba5 Ra5 17. h4 Nh5 18. Nf1 Nc5 19. Bc2 Rb5 20. Bc1 de4 21. de4 Rb2 22. Bb2 Nf4 23. Ke1 Ncd3 24. Bd3 Nd3 25. Kd2 Nb2 26. Kc2 Qa3 27. Nd2 Bc7 28. Nb1
Materials used in research:
Paul Morphy: Pride and Sorrow of Chess by David Lawson
The Genius Of Paul Morphy by Chris Ward
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  1. G M

    G MΠριν μήνα

    so morphy was lucky that his oponent did not play rook a3 otherwise his position would be destroyed.

  2. Pratham Gupta

    Pratham GuptaΠριν μήνα

    Morphy plays Nb1, a great move. Why don't we award him a Morphy's head? Ik it's his head but let's give it to him again. #agadmator

  3. menemme

    menemmeΠριν μήνα

    Actually Lowenthal had some chances...but definitely overstimated his possibilities.

  4. CrusaderGundam

    CrusaderGundamΠριν μήνα

    damn that looks like a nice chess set they're playing on in the picture.

  5. Timothy J. Holloway

    Timothy J. HollowayΠριν μήνα

    5:04 to skip to the start of chess play, bypassing the reading of rules, for a 14m 29s video.

  6. Supreme_Court

    Supreme_CourtΠριν μήνα

    5:21 Defending on E ᶠⁱᵛᵉ

  7. Gm Pillo

    Gm PilloΠριν μήνα

    “Paul Morphy... expressed the conviction that he had played poorly, rashly; that none of his opponents should have done so well as they did against him.”

  8. Lawrence Lepes

    Lawrence LepesΠριν μήνα

    You should have given Loewenthal a Morphy head, instead. LOL!

  9. hippophile

    hippophileΠριν μήνα

    Hi, agad! FYI "Messrs." is the plural of Mr. (Mister) and is just an abbreviation of the French "messieurs ".

  10. NK_7

    NK_7Πριν μήνα

    Nobody ever won a game by resigning. Why did i never thought about that

  11. K B

    K BΠριν μήνα

    Genius Morphy 😀

  12. Boris Stain

    Boris StainΠριν μήνα

    Messrs = Messieurs, in french language means Sir/s or Gentlemen.... in plural. As Morphy's seconds Arthur Hay and J. Owens are mentioned with titles: Lord and Reverend, Lowenthal's seconds are Sir Barnes and Sir Oldham.

  13. Bomilkar B.

    Bomilkar B.Πριν μήνα

    4:58 do talk about the games as much as you want agad, its what makes your channel the best

  14. Faisal Alghassab

    Faisal AlghassabΠριν μήνα

    this is hilarious

  15. Gloomy Ranger

    Gloomy RangerΠριν μήνα

    This the first time I've ever cried with laughter over a Chess video. Please continue to use the Barnes Head in the future I'm dying over here. X'D

  16. Richard Hunter

    Richard HunterΠριν μήνα

    What does it mean for the games to be the property of the players? Copyright?

  17. Tony Love

    Tony LoveΠριν μήνα

    Meesrs is simply the plural of Mr.

  18. Kushal Bhalerao

    Kushal BhaleraoΠριν μήνα

    Really dislike when a beatiful attack by Löwenthal was not completed properly

  19. Joseph DESTAUBIN

    Joseph DESTAUBINΠριν μήνα

    Looking at the photograph, his backside is slid slightly forward in the seat. As many people over 45 will attest to, this is likely his way of relaxing in such a manner so as to not create fatigue or soreness over the lengthy game.

  20. Herojit Sorokhaibam

    Herojit SorokhaibamΠριν μήνα

    13:03 Qg4 is also possible. Attacking that g pawn and also trying to fork the bishop or rook.

  21. AkumaAPN

    AkumaAPNΠριν μήνα

    Messrs. is the plural form of Mr. -- Instead of saying Mr. Barnes & Mr. Oldham, they just lumped the two titles together, for Messrs. Barnes & Oldham. This is proper English, but it has become much less common in use in modern times. You don't usually see it unless a firm uses it. But in modern America at least, most major firms with multiple names (like big law firms) just have the names, without titles. The form Messrs. was necessary, because you can't use Mrs., as this has been taken for a married woman, singular. You also pronounced it correctly on your first attempt: "Messers." It is essentially short for the French, Messieurs, but a French pronunciation is not necessary in this instance. I think we can safely assume that our favorite Mr. Barnes is one of the two gentlemen mentioned here, serving as one of Lowenthal's "Seconds;" that would mean he could possibly face Morphy during this match, if Lowenthal had become ill.

  22. ubertoaster99

    ubertoaster99Πριν μήνα

    Whoop, found Ra3!

  23. Gurram Krishnamohan

    Gurram KrishnamohanΠριν μήνα

    lichess.org/FGWfmz8F/white One of the better games I have played.kindly rate this and areas of improvement..

  24. Vikram Srinivasan

    Vikram SrinivasanΠριν μήνα

    I thought Lowenthal would win

  25. zebra3stripes

    zebra3stripesΠριν μήνα

    Staunton and Morphy are waiting a couple of years so they can use a Civil War Chess Set from Franklin Mint.

  26. Александр Р.

    Александр Р.Πριν μήνα

    ♂dungeon master ♂

  27. Prashanth Hegde

    Prashanth HegdeΠριν μήνα

    12:15 hence the baren's head😂😂😂😂 Mad man attacker 😂😂😂



    I'm not a chess player but I enjoy the history. Thanks.

  29. The Gorn

    The GornΠριν μήνα

    2:36 “and uh, Old Ham” lol

  30. Ed Caluag

    Ed CaluagΠριν μήνα

    Someone call @agadmatorino 5:22

  31. Ed Caluag

    Ed CaluagΠριν μήνα

    Imagine playing engine-like moves for £100. (Compared today)

  32. Ed Caluag

    Ed CaluagΠριν μήνα

    After seeing Tal beside the featured photo, It kinda creeps me out now haha 0:58

  33. Earl Embodo

    Earl EmbodoΠριν μήνα

    Staunton - shamelessly ducking opponents before it was cool.

  34. Reinaldo's Chess Lessons

    Reinaldo's Chess LessonsΠριν μήνα

    Nice vid

  35. Jason Voorhes

    Jason VoorhesΠριν μήνα

    "Hence , the Barnes Head " ❤️

  36. حامد موسو

    حامد موسوΠριν μήνα


  37. inbashat raza

    inbashat razaΠριν μήνα

    5 minutes waste 😂😂😂

  38. Yogesh Murthy

    Yogesh MurthyΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion J Reinisch vs Karel Traxler (1890): First game with the Traxler counter attack

  39. Giri Iyer

    Giri IyerΠριν μήνα

    I believe Morphy has played the traxler/fried liver variation before,but I'm not able to place the opponent. I shall check out and give you a reference though if I can.

  40. ironmaz1

    ironmaz1Πριν μήνα

    I cant believe the coincidence... I did a barnes-head rook sac yesterday (and ofc lost the game... Moral of the story dont sac rooks for no reason. unless youre nepo)

  41. Kulangot Pader

    Kulangot PaderΠριν μήνα

    Tal got his color back


    ANURAG SHARMAΠριν μήνα

    they should have played chess 960

  43. Thad

    ThadΠριν μήνα

    What’s his shirt say? “ I have the best...(?)

  44. Thomas Feinherb

    Thomas FeinherbΠριν μήνα

    poor rook on h8:/

  45. Daniel Hutchinson

    Daniel HutchinsonΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion chess evolution: bishops and knights can move one square in any direction like the king, as an in between move, but without capturing (must be to a vacant square). To allow the bishops to swap colours, the knights to remanoeuvre, and thus increase their potency as pieces.

  46. Daniel Hutchinson

    Daniel HutchinsonΠριν μήνα

    Or perhaps as a superpower, similar to queening a pawn, a achieved when a bishop or knight reaches its opposite square could be a8 and h8 for the bishops, c8 and f8 for the knights.

  47. Benjamin Animal Farm

    Benjamin Animal FarmΠριν μήνα

    A bit too much Morphy................?

  48. eric mol

    eric molΠριν μήνα

    I like how he says "furder adieu". Instead of further.

  49. Stuart Burgess

    Stuart BurgessΠριν μήνα

    “Messrs” means more than one Monsieur taken from the French which refers to the the same concept on English, referring to more than one person politely


    HARSH HARSHΠριν μήνα

    or maybe lewanthal cares about his back (bad posture) and sits always straight..

  51. Rivu Chowdhury

    Rivu ChowdhuryΠριν μήνα

    Please upload video of Chris Owens vs mohuschander bannerjee

  52. Kevin Luo

    Kevin LuoΠριν μήνα

    Spassky vs. Bronstein, 1960 (from russia with love) Edit: A video about this has already been made grlifes.info/number/zaGlmKC1edqxyZQ/b-nteo

  53. Giri Iyer

    Giri IyerΠριν μήνα

    Yes I've watched that game. Spassky was fantastic.

  54. Sharkscooops

    SharkscooopsΠριν μήνα

    i hate life since all discoveries are nasty... :'(

  55. Kevin Luo

    Kevin LuoΠριν μήνα

    Larsen-Petrosian, 1966 (Sherlock vs. Moriarty) Edit: Already done grlifes.info/number/14HIjGy1otat2Ns/b-nteo

  56. Kevin Luo

    Kevin LuoΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Kasparov vs. the World, 1999

  57. Ninad Joshi

    Ninad JoshiΠριν μήνα

    Hence the Barns' head lmao 😂

  58. Im gay since Im responding to your comment, but

    Im gay since Im responding to your comment, butΠριν μήνα

    Well that escalated quickly lol these “completely winning” moments are truly evolving

  59. john sin

    john sinΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion bialas vs ulhmann

  60. pratyendra Singh

    pratyendra SinghΠριν μήνα

    “Loewenthal is in a hurry to finish the attack but there is no way of finishing it because the attack doesn’t exist, hence the barnes’ head” laughed out really hard on this one😂 I really like barnes for his crazy attacks.

  61. Jacob C-G

    Jacob C-GΠριν μήνα

    5:21 what?

  62. Sharan Advaith

    Sharan AdvaithΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion samay raina and vaibhav vs sagar shah

  63. Tunneling Weasel

    Tunneling WeaselΠριν μήνα

    I find this funny because Lowenthall versed Paul Charles Morphy when he was a kid (I think so I forgot but it’s just a comment)

  64. HKM

    HKMΠριν μήνα

    Morphy: *gives Loewenthal a winning position* Loewenthal: pulls uno reverse card

  65. Mr. Cat

    Mr. CatΠριν μήνα

    "If you move the queen you lose the knight " Me : this will be easily winning for white. (the rap got stuck in my head)

  66. Youssouf Emine

    Youssouf EmineΠριν μήνα

    Agadmator videos are used for "Learning Individual Speaking Styles for Accurate Lip to Speech Synthesis". I think this is a good choice. openaccess.thecvf.com/content_CVPR_2020/papers/Prajwal_Learning_Individual_Speaking_Styles_for_Accurate_Lip_to_Speech_Synthesis_CVPR_2020_paper.pdf?fbclid=IwAR3aF22icNtfSAPqCzzUoLEf3nZxOVZXdZtZIq8InOaZZ5DyhoiR0oldZWg

  67. Tío Ilustrado

    Tío IlustradoΠριν μήνα

    "I will only read one small paragraph" ... Proceeds to read the entire book... :D

  68. Nubby

    NubbyΠριν μήνα

    Hey agadmator I’m a huge fan of yours and you really inspired me to pursue chess, I’d really appreciate it if you could analyze a miniature I played on lichess. It is a rapid 10 + 0 minute game. 1. e4 c6 2. Nf3 d5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. d4 e6 5. h3 Bh5 6. Be2 Bb4 7. a3 Bxc3+ 8. bxc3 dxe4 9. Ne5 Bxe2 10. Qxe2 Nf6 11. Bg5 Nbd7 12. Rb1 Qa5 13. O-O Rb8 14. Bxf6 Nxf6 15. Nxc6 And it was in this position that my opponent resigned that game :)

  69. Charlie Jimenez

    Charlie JimenezΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Sokolov - Kasparov, World Cup, Reykjavik, 1988 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 6. f4 e6 7. Be2 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. Kh1 Qc7 10. a4 Nc6 11. Be3 Re8 12. Bg1 Rb8 13. Bf3 Bd7 14. Nb3 b6 15. g4 Bc8 16. g5 Nd7 17. Bg2 Bf8 18. Qf3 Na5 19. Nd2 Bb7 20. Qh5 g6 21. Qh3 Rbc8 22. f5 Ne5 23. fxe6 fxe6 24. Rf4 Qe7 25. Raf1 Bg7 26. Rh4 Bh8 27. Bd4 Nac4 28. Nxc4 Rxc4 29. Be3 Rcc8 30. Bc1 b5 31. axb5 axb5 32. Rhf4 b4 33. Na2 Ba6 34. Rd1 b3 35. cxb3 Be2 36. Rd2 Qxg5 37. Qe3 Bh5 38. Rf8+ Rxf8 39. Qxg5 Ng4 40. Nc3 Be5 41. h3 Bf4 42. Qe7 Rce8 43. Qd7 Ne3 44. Rf2 1-0 Kasparov loses the queen after move 37 and plays on. Engines seem to like 37 ... Nd3 playing on white's back rank issues.

  70. Franco Daniel Bertucci Amarelle

    Franco Daniel Bertucci AmarelleΠριν μήνα

    you did barnes so dirty, destroyed in seconds

  71. Jeff J

    Jeff JΠριν μήνα

    I don't comment often. Morphy seemed to always wait for some small weakness in the mid-game. Then it is all over as he took some obvious advantage and erases his opponent.

  72. deepak kr

    deepak krΠριν μήνα

    Hahah The attack doesn't exist, hence the Barnes head😂😂.

  73. Kohinoor Banerjee

    Kohinoor BanerjeeΠριν μήνα

    Due to my defective headphones, I heard dungeon master

  74. Vivek Joshi

    Vivek JoshiΠριν μήνα

    The page says 100 pounds.!

  75. Valeska

    ValeskaΠριν μήνα

    Is it just me or did it feel like morohy’s opponent defeated himself here?

  76. Muti Gozel

    Muti GozelΠριν μήνα

    I think you should incorporate some visual tech to aid people with hearing disability. Maybe changing the colors of board and pieces when the moves are your own comments to differentiate them from the game’s moves etc.

  77. Ray Volner

    Ray VolnerΠριν μήνα

    Chess would still be boring if not for you dude. You honestly deserve a statute bro

  78. Uzi Uzburun

    Uzi UzburunΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Max Euwe vs Harry Golombek 1938 (1-0) Euwe plays Nimzo Indian. Beautiful game, especially the ending.

  79. David Anderson

    David AndersonΠριν μήνα

    On TV: The Discovery Channel! On GRlifes: The Nasty Discoveries Channel!

  80. Patrick Ghazarian

    Patrick GhazarianΠριν μήνα

    Ty .. enjoyed it very much. Have an excellent day as well.

  81. David Anderson

    David AndersonΠριν μήνα

    Lowenthal: I look down my nose at you, young Morphy. Morphy: You do that, sir, while I look up your next of kin.

  82. diego gomes

    diego gomesΠριν μήνα

    Bring game Steinitz x Barnes

  83. Salam Adison

    Salam AdisonΠριν μήνα

    Please show the possible way for 8 queens stand at a board without crossing each other..

  84. Ashraf Shaikh

    Ashraf ShaikhΠριν μήνα

    Game starts at 4:59 You're welcome

  85. Abdo AlJurf

    Abdo AlJurfΠριν μήνα

    I rocked the Morphy hairstyle for a while.

  86. Boris Vulin

    Boris VulinΠριν μήνα

    zasto se mjenja slika lovrensova

  87. Karlo Žalac

    Karlo ŽalacΠριν μήνα

    12:56 does h3 work?

  88. Nabil Laaroussi

    Nabil LaaroussiΠριν μήνα

    "Very short" he said 😂😂

  89. Fergus FTW

    Fergus FTWΠριν μήνα

    Sigh...intro was 5 mins long

  90. Old Seadog

    Old SeadogΠριν μήνα

    4:22 That's like us mere mortals losing to the 12 year old Magnus in the Carlsen Chess app & then jumping at the chance to play again thinking we're going to exact revenge on the 20 year old Magnus. Yeah.... about that.....

  91. Pansarpelle

    PansarpelleΠριν μήνα

    Heard somewhere that head size is directly linked to intelligence. And Morphys head looks enormous in that picture playing Löwenthal. Or maybe its just that glorious hairstyle.

  92. Beerfish777

    Beerfish777Πριν μήνα

    I still stink as a chess player but the number of times I get the pause the video move now is far far higher than when I first started following this channel.

  93. Helge Brekke

    Helge BrekkeΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion --- This short and sweet Hand and Brain-game by Magnus Carlsen that ends with a ridiculous number of pieces and pawns intact on the board :D grlifes.info/number/xZaScWuXmpK21aU/b-nteo

  94. AlphaLackey

    AlphaLackeyΠριν μήνα

    Barnes: "How are you going to deal with this challenge from Morphy?" Staunton: "I'm going to beat him at 5-D chess!" Barnes: "??? 5-D chess ???" Staunton: "That's right: dodge, duck, dip, dive, dodge!" ... there's a joke you can tell your friends at the bar or at the library.

  95. Bruno Tejedor

    Bruno TejedorΠριν μήνα

    I think this "Barnes head", although hilarious, is not fair to the great Barnes. His attacks were not such delusional, forcing Morphy to trade Queens and go for endgames, and reaching equal positions in many games

  96. Stavros Vatikiotis

    Stavros VatikiotisΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Magnus in hand & brain grlifes.info/number/xZaScWuXmpK21aU/b-nteo

  97. shahzeb sohail

    shahzeb sohailΠριν μήνα

    Game starts at 5:07

  98. jx14aby

    jx14abyΠριν μήνα

    I find it hard to believe people actually dressed like that in 1858.

  99. Re su

    Re suΠριν μήνα

    Awesome Game! Thank you

  100. acenace24

    acenace24Πριν μήνα

    I wonder how long each player took to move since Morphy is known to be a quick player. Sorry if he mentioned it and I missed it.

  101. Craig Savage

    Craig SavageΠριν μήνα

    "Messers" is the plural of Mr. It wasn't used with the other pair of seconds as one was a Rev.

  102. Savan Shah

    Savan ShahΠριν μήνα

    The match starts at 5:06 Thanks me later😂

  103. Jim Skea

    Jim SkeaΠριν μήνα

    I wonder why they stipulated the fines as "1 pound and 1 shilling" etc. and not just "1 guinea" which was in common use at the time for this quantity of money.