One Move Too Many || Morphy vs Löwenthal (1858)

Start the Morphy Saga here
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This is the story of the birth of modern chess - when the possibilities of chess as an art, a science and a sport all converged.
The point of convergence was a young boy from Louisiana named Paul Morphy. At a time when America was seen as a backwoods nation with little cultural history and even less intellectual impetus, at a time when chess was considered the exclusive property of a few European countries, at a time when the game was played successfully by a handful of men wizened by years, Paul Morphy, in the brief span of 19 months and with seemingly little effort, defeated conclusively every player he met.
While today few non chess players even know his name, he was one of the most famous celebrities of his time and within the hallowed halls of the chess playing community he is considered by some as the greatest chess player of all time.
But this diminutive, unassuming boy rose to fame almost out of nowhere and once he secured his place in history, he retired back into that hazy unknown, shunning the public eye, never again to play serious chess. Not only was he one of great practitioners of the game, but also one of it's greatest enigmas. He's been given the sobriquet, The Pride and Sorrow of Chess.
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Paul Morphy vs Johann Jacob Loewenthal
Morphy - Loewenthal (1858), London ENG, rd 6, Jul-28
Sicilian Defense: Morphy Gambit (B21)
1. e4 c5 2. d4 cd4 3. Nf3 Nc6 4. Nd4 e5 5. Nc6 bc6 6. Bc4 Nf6 7. O-O d5 8. ed5 cd5 9. Bb5 Bd7 10. Bd7 Qd7 11. Re1 Bd6 12. Nc3 e4 13. Bg5 Ng4 14. Qd5 Bh2 15. Kh1 Qd5 16. Nd5 O-O 17. f3 ef3 18. gf3 Ne5 19. Re3 f6 20. Kh2 Rad8 21. Re5 fg5 22. Kg3 h6 23. c4 Rf7 24. Rae1 Kf8 25. c5 g6 26. c6 Rc8 27. c7 Rcc7 28. Re8 Kg7 29. Nc7
Materials used in research:
Paul Morphy: Pride and Sorrow of Chess by David Lawson
The Genius Of Paul Morphy by Chris Ward
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  1. Christian Sørensen

    Christian SørensenΠριν 22 ημέρες

    "The most powerful weapon in chess is the next move." Zugzwang: Halt mein Bier...

  2. Bob Stone

    Bob StoneΠριν μήνα

    Why is this not in morphy saga playlist?

  3. J Rosen

    J RosenΠριν μήνα

    6:00 why not capture knight with rook in the first instance

  4. J Rosen

    J RosenΠριν μήνα

    Duh bishop recapture never mind

  5. Mustafa Furkan Ateş

    Mustafa Furkan AteşΠριν μήνα

    fan of devolopment ahhahahah

  6. Der.Prinz.Eisenherz

    Der.Prinz.EisenherzΠριν μήνα

    What's this "sorry about that" and then grab something underneath the table in every single video?

  7. Sinbad

    SinbadΠριν μήνα

    5:56 what if the bishop moved to H3 and attacked the rook? At worse two pieces for a rook?

  8. Tam Albayaa

    Tam AlbayaaΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Garry Kasparov VS Anatoly Karpov "The Octopus Knight Game" from the 1985 championship! Wikipedia calls it "Kasparov's Masterpiece." It's known by chess players around the world as "The knight so strong that karpov gave up his queen just to get rid of it." This would be AMAZING. Would love to learn how much there is to learn from this game. I got into chess because of you and because of quarantine, and i'm already 1500 on rapid chess. Not so good at blitz, lol!

  9. Gabriel Tarditi

    Gabriel TarditiΠριν μήνα

    Paul Morphy: the ability to play chess is the sign of a gentleman, the ability to play chess well is the sign of a wasted life

  10. Himesh Jain

    Himesh JainΠριν μήνα

    Did you know "This position has never been reached before " was once "A completely new game" And few years later, " A completely new game " will be " This position has never been reached before ".

  11. Destin Laubbacher

    Destin LaubbacherΠριν μήνα

    How do you pronounce your GRlifesr name...? Agadmator....? Just curious, love the videos and watch them all the time to try to learn how to not suck at chess! Haha

  12. My Life Matters

    My Life MattersΠριν μήνα

    Both these guys are like 1400 modern day

  13. Aurumen

    AurumenΠριν μήνα

    Just heard that Magnus opened the applications for commentator on the 2021 chess tour, It would be great if you were one of the commentators.

  14. Lokesh T M

    Lokesh T MΠριν μήνα

    Hey your pgn title seems incorrect... This is not a kings gambit declined

  15. adanski

    adanskiΠριν μήνα

    this is definitely one of my favorite chess games now

  16. Αγνωστος Χ

    Αγνωστος ΧΠριν μήνα

    NO one of us noticed Agadmator saying rook to g3 ;)

  17. gotheja 1964

    gotheja 1964Πριν μήνα

    #suggestion Vassily Ivanchuk vs Krajakin 2008 amber tournament(Rapid),where ivanchuk sacs queen for two pawns

  18. Siddharth Shivarkar

    Siddharth ShivarkarΠριν μήνα

    Can you make a video on this game. What a sorcery is this.. so intense and blindfold game by Alexander alekhain

  19. Prateek Varshney

    Prateek VarshneyΠριν μήνα

    So that's what's being "Morphy strong" is

  20. Jeremaj

    JeremajΠριν μήνα

    7:33 king is rook ;)

  21. Prateek Varshney

    Prateek VarshneyΠριν μήνα

    Big fan of development 😎

  22. Q.M

    Q.MΠριν μήνα

    Recommendation: Ray charles (blind jazz legend) vs GM Larry Evans

  23. H N

    H NΠριν μήνα

    Again a great video, i would love to see a game by morozevich! I sadly dont see so many games by him online :(

  24. Frank Gecko

    Frank GeckoΠριν μήνα

    Morphy has Poison Pawn , up his sleeve for Johann. White had gained support for this with Knight captures Knight at C6m weakening Black Pawn structure at B7.

  25. reynaldo l. de guzman

    reynaldo l. de guzmanΠριν μήνα

    Can you analyze my game of chess?

  26. saikumar Khandavalli

    saikumar KhandavalliΠριν μήνα

    If morphy is expert then lowenthall is except

  27. dialgarocksful

    dialgarocksfulΠριν μήνα

    "rook to g3", then I came to the comments section as fast as I could

  28. Ankit Chauhan

    Ankit ChauhanΠριν μήνα

    2:13 "Morphy is sort of ahead in development even though a lot of his pieces aren't developed."

  29. aqik axar

    aqik axarΠριν μήνα

    We need more chess classic games!!

  30. hadi1233

    hadi1233Πριν μήνα

    What does he do when he say “sorry about that” and reaches under the table? I have seen that in almost every second video he uploads, any clue?

  31. satanicglobalistilluminati

    satanicglobalistilluminatiΠριν μήνα

    he should cover the chess touny from the anitubers

  32. Rick Coleman

    Rick ColemanΠριν μήνα

    I have been watching your channel for years now and I've never seen a bad video, hence I just click like straight away because I know it's gonna be good

  33. Yahia

    YahiaΠριν μήνα

    those who are always wanna enjoy the show , leave a like we are an army !

  34. Rab. C. Nesbitt

    Rab. C. NesbittΠριν μήνα

    Is anyone else having trouble getting on agadmator's channel?

  35. Gunstein

    GunsteinΠριν μήνα

    What is 'that' you are you sorry about? Mystery.

  36. Nullifidian

    NullifidianΠριν μήνα

    5:43 - But the knight doesn't have to move. If black were to play h5 in that position, then fxg4 would be met with hxg4, threatening discoveries the black king can't escape (since the bishop is covering g1). It might not ultimately be winning, but it would be a more robust defense than castling.

  37. Kalpak Gupta

    Kalpak GuptaΠριν μήνα

    Morphy: you'll lose if you take one extra move to castle. Me inspired from Tal: What if I take two?

  38. Lug4ru

    Lug4ruΠριν μήνα

    will this morphy's saga ever end? :( even capablanca saga was better. srsly, who chose this saga (in vote) over Karpov's or Alekhine's, let alone someone's from the top of the 80's/90's

  39. N20 Games

    N20 GamesΠριν μήνα

    Morphy handled his business.

  40. sola scriptura

    sola scripturaΠριν μήνα

    Morphy was one of the greatest.

  41. Bankoti's chess channel

    Bankoti's chess channelΠριν μήνα

    Hello agadmator how r u ?

  42. Deivids Selugins

    Deivids SeluginsΠριν μήνα

    Has Morphy ever lost a game?

  43. Darth KEK

    Darth KEKΠριν μήνα

    Johann didn't attack like a madman... what was he thinking?

  44. rkrmtest

    rkrmtestΠριν μήνα

    The word "hope" got a special meaning today! 🙏😀

  45. Dana Eden

    Dana EdenΠριν μήνα

    7:33 Rgr

  46. SenorQuichotte

    SenorQuichotteΠριν μήνα

    More Mad Max Barnes games. Thanks

  47. Dr Joyraj Ghosh

    Dr Joyraj GhoshΠριν μήνα

    Hello everyone ❤️❤️❤️

  48. Gaming With Farhan

    Gaming With FarhanΠριν μήνα

    Can I ask one question? I’m new to Chess. Is Bh2 and Kh1 is Stalemate? Because the knight on g4 is protecting the Bishop. I don’t understand this please help me

  49. sahil sawant

    sahil sawantΠριν μήνα

    Cover Komodo X scorpio that was one wild game

  50. sahil sawant

    sahil sawantΠριν μήνα

    SenorQuichotte everybody knows that but that was some crazy attacking game by komodo

  51. SenorQuichotte

    SenorQuichotteΠριν μήνα

    Scorpio is a POS engine. New SF nnue would thrash Scorpio

  52. Sebastian Rex

    Sebastian RexΠριν μήνα

    It took one move and too long to castle and morphy is an expert on one move and too long castle... Classic agad...

  53. Scientist Prince

    Scientist PrinceΠριν μήνα


  54. zea baptism

    zea baptismΠριν μήνα

    7:33 Did the king replace the rook?

  55. Sergeant Schlong

    Sergeant SchlongΠριν μήνα

    How many pawns could a passed pawn pass if a passed pawn could pass pawns?

  56. Dhruv Kapoor

    Dhruv KapoorΠριν μήνα

    6:10 but isn't 2 minor pieces trade for 1 rook favourable?

  57. Raghu Gulati

    Raghu GulatiΠριν μήνα

    Can u please cover some videos of 1988 world blitz championship which Tal won inspite of being drunk and was carried by someone else to the playing hall as in that state he forgot that he was having world championship match...?

  58. Klajdi Cullhaj

    Klajdi CullhajΠριν μήνα

    Why does he always says sorry about that

  59. Avinaasha Shastry

    Avinaasha ShastryΠριν μήνα

    I think Morphy just lets his opponents win the first match and one more somewhere in between to keep them interested.

  60. Sam Huard

    Sam HuardΠριν μήνα

    Hey, I know you are probably quite busy and have lot of comments, but if I send you a position from a game I did today, can you analyse it and give some insight? This could be a fun/interresting new serie idea too. Love the channel, good work!

  61. Sachin M

    Sachin MΠριν μήνα

    7:32 it was in this position that the king became a rook

  62. Sachin M

    Sachin MΠριν μήνα

    6:10 if u play g3 u also get f4 don't you , attacking both knight and bishop

  63. Anthony Sellers

    Anthony SellersΠριν μήνα

    8:59 and that’s all there is to the game.

  64. Saptak Chakraborty

    Saptak ChakrabortyΠριν μήνα

    Hello agadmator I am a new subscriber of your channel and my favorite player is morphy

  65. Pranav sreenivas kulkarni

    Pranav sreenivas kulkarniΠριν μήνα

    Miss the mouse click at the beginning in this video

  66. Corey Burton

    Corey BurtonΠριν μήνα

    5 rooks on the board

  67. Vivek Mohan

    Vivek MohanΠριν μήνα

    What a Saga, Morphy is awesome player, No blunders.

  68. Anturangga Tantra

    Anturangga TantraΠριν μήνα

    This Morphy looks pretty strong. I'm sure he could've won Pogchamps if he enter the tournament

  69. kvtassel

    kvtasselΠριν μήνα

    at 5:15 I thought morphy would move the night and put him in check and gain advantage from there.

  70. kvtassel

    kvtasselΠριν μήνα

    no, he could move his bishop.

  71. Erick Dela Peña

    Erick Dela PeñaΠριν μήνα

    Each video is not complete when agadmator doesn't say "sorry about that" in the beginning and you know it.

  72. Robert Mckoy

    Robert MckoyΠριν μήνα

    zoned out for a few seconds and before i know it 2:29 and Lowenthal is essentially busted

  73. Wesley Bradshaw

    Wesley BradshawΠριν μήνα

    4:15 proves that Morphy was the greatest as he saw 162 years into the future. And also this moment must have really confused Lowenthal.

  74. Noah Bird

    Noah BirdΠριν μήνα

    When we would have safety breaks & practice safety, me and my friends would end up high af. #safetyfirst

  75. Hakim Walker

    Hakim WalkerΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Stockfish beating AlphaZero in 22 moves while offering LOTS of material, in honor of Stockfish 12 (with neural network advancements) being released.

  76. Frankie Gee

    Frankie GeeΠριν μήνα

    Morphy.. the master of the art of the opening trap.

  77. Turbo Mladen

    Turbo MladenΠριν μήνα

    9:18 I really enjoyed that idea when you revisited the critical blunder, and gave your thoughts on it at the end of a video. I hope you keep adding it to following videos.

  78. Abdel Chibbi

    Abdel ChibbiΠριν μήνα

    7: 33 Rook to g3 with the king 😅😅😅

  79. Mr. Cat

    Mr. CatΠριν μήνα

    Morphy : not a problem cuz we reached the position from the thumbnail Lowenthal: what? Morphy: what?

  80. Mr. Cat

    Mr. CatΠριν μήνα

    *Löwenthal bleeding and sweating* Gah! I was finally able to land a hit on Morphy! *gasp of air * *gasp for air* Morphy: Ho! Is that all you got? *wipes blood of wound which regenerates immediately L: Bakana! Morphy : Tell Hades the demon of chess send you! L : no no no *camera gors offscreen* NOOOOO

  81. Rollo 777

    Rollo 777Πριν μήνα

    Show us the the immortal draw it's very fun

  82. Super Mayonnaise

    Super MayonnaiseΠριν μήνα

    Fun Fact: The pawn move in the opening that Lowenthal made, e5, is the Lowenthal variation of the Sicilian!

  83. Gm Pillo

    Gm PilloΠριν μήνα

    “Paul Morphy... expressed the conviction that he had played poorly, rashly; that none of his opponents should have done so well as they did against him.”

  84. ThisIsMe

    ThisIsMeΠριν μήνα

    4:15 ...but Morphy says “Not a problem as we’ve reached the position from the thumbnail.” “Oh god not the thumbnail,” replies Lowenthal, “that can only mean one thing. I’m completely lost!”

  85. Madhav OneHive

    Madhav OneHiveΠριν μήνα


  86. lucas schiefelbein

    lucas schiefelbeinΠριν μήνα

    On 5:54, why not bg3? After fxg4, bxe1, rxe1 or re2, ne5, Black it's seams better to me compared to exf4.

  87. falcon dew

    falcon dewΠριν μήνα

    #Help Chess Puzzle You have to create a position where white has king and 3 pawns and black has only king. Following are the necessary conditions of this puzzle. Arranged position will be white to play. White will play for win but the final result will be a forced draw with accurate play from both sides. No double or triple pawns are allowed (for e.g. a2,a3 or b5,b6,b7).

  88. falcon dew

    falcon dewΠριν μήνα

    @Anton Anton no buddy...even 2 pawns vs King endgame can be drawn sometimes...say, pawns on g2,h7 and white King is on a1 and black King is on h8. It's a drawn endgame even though white is up two pawns.

  89. Anton Anton

    Anton AntonΠριν μήνα

    Three pawns? I think even one pawn will be enough for white to force a win, as long as it's not on the a or h files.

  90. Per Lofgren

    Per LofgrenΠριν μήνα

    I guess Löwenthal went home and cried under the covers after this game

  91. Svetozar Delchev

    Svetozar DelchevΠριν μήνα

    "Safety first" - that's what she said, before playing e4. Motivated by her, Agad was able to create some nasty discoveries in the complex position.

  92. Dante202

    Dante202Πριν μήνα


  93. Frank Gecko

    Frank GeckoΠριν μήνα

    Karate Chess. Search Book-" The Petroff - Move by Move" . Question- Who is "Cyber Spock?" Answer: "AgAdMator.", And Check out Morphy defeating possible Black Knight Fork from Hell. withRook and King. The Holy Grail is the Holy Grail of : Queen / King- Fork

  94. Aayush Katariya

    Aayush KatariyaΠριν μήνα

    Man i had completely forgotten about the rook on a1 during the 2 pause........ lol🤦‍♂️🤣😅

  95. Plywoodcar Johnson

    Plywoodcar JohnsonΠριν μήνα


  96. Neos Kro

    Neos KroΠριν μήνα

    These Morphy games are just awesome. :)

  97. Mohammad

    MohammadΠριν μήνα

    You have a exellent rest of your day too agadmator:)

  98. strangewatch4

    strangewatch4Πριν μήνα

    4:16 Morphy says "not a problem as we've reached the position from the thumbnail". Damn Morphy knew this position was in a thumbnail.

  99. ChargingCookieSword

    ChargingCookieSwordΠριν μήνα

    Gentleman was so good he saw 1828323739 moves ahead and saw agadmator cover this game

  100. millscul

    millsculΠριν μήνα

    Can someone please explain the mystery behind the "Sorry About That" ?!

  101. N.C. Pfister

    N.C. PfisterΠριν μήνα

    Last we heard Lowenthal was still trying to avenge his loss from 1850.

  102. hippophile

    hippophileΠριν μήνα

    Loving these Morphy games! :))

  103. Bakul Shah

    Bakul ShahΠριν μήνα

    Nice, two Morphy videos uploaded during one day.

  104. jx14aby

    jx14abyΠριν μήνα

    I love sneaky ideas almost as much as nasty discoveries.

  105. A Brainlet

    A BrainletΠριν μήνα

    but the venomous moves though

  106. Oleg Gladchenko

    Oleg GladchenkoΠριν μήνα

    Lmao. Deadass.

  107. Im gay since Im responding to your comment, but

    Im gay since Im responding to your comment, butΠριν μήνα

    You’ve made a man’s dei

  108. Im gay since Im responding to your comment, but

    Im gay since Im responding to your comment, butΠριν μήνα


  109. Marko Maodus

    Marko MaodusΠριν μήνα


  110. hellaclownin

    hellaclowninΠριν μήνα

    7:33 Rook to G3 LOL

  111. cygnustsp

    cygnustspΠριν μήνα

    "Safety first" man i hate when people tell me that, just let me do my job and stay out of the way

  112. Nabendu Mitra

    Nabendu MitraΠριν μήνα

    Great game and great analysis by agadmator bro

  113. Star

    StarΠριν μήνα

    at 5:24 I was thinking about Be7 followed by Re4, how about this?

  114. Kayrosas 147

    Kayrosas 147Πριν μήνα

    Nxf2+ is a nasty fork

  115. nonthere

    nonthereΠριν μήνα

    #suggestion Hey, you already got the T-shirt. How about some wild Barnes games (against other people)?